Contact on: info@huryy.com Whatsapp: +254 716 362 016

 

Computer Science

WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEMS.

8 Mins read
WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEMS.

WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEMS.

Windows operating system was developed as a Graphical User Interface (GUI) for PCs running on MS-DOS.

It provides a friendly interface that allows the users to enter commands by pointing and clicking at objects that appear on the screen using a pointing device, e.g., a Mouse or a trackball.  These graphical capabilities make a program easier to use.

Microsoft Windows takes its name from the on-screen “Window” that it uses to display information.

  • A Window is a rectangular portion/ area of the screen that Windows sets aside for a specific task.
  • A Window is a rectangular area on a display screen in which text and graphical images may be displayed.

Examples of Windows operating systems:

  • Microsoft Windows 95, 98, 2000 Professional, 2003, NT, Millennium (Me), XP, and Vista.
  • Linux,
  • UNIX,
  • MacOS.
  • OS/2.

Common features of Windows operating systems:-

  1. They all have similar user-interfaces.  For example;
    1. Windows.
    1. Pointing device – a device such as a mouse or trackball, that enables the user to select objects on the display screen.
    1. Pointer – a symbol (arrow) that appears on the display screen, and can be used to select objects & commands.
    1. Icons – small graphical pictures that represent commands, files, or applications.  By moving the pointer to the icon and pressing a mouse button, one can execute a command or convert the icon into a window.
  • Buttons – items used to initiate a process in an application.
    • Menus – they provide choices that let the user execute commands by selecting them.
    • Desktop – this is the area on the display screen where icons are grouped.
  • It is user-friendly.  Windows is menu driven, hence easy to operate, because the options used in particular applications are usually displayed on the screen in form of Icons.
  • All Windows operating system support multiple users & have the ability to Multi-task, i.e., they allow one to run more than one program at the same time, each in its own window.
  • It is easy to exchange information between Windows applications, i.e., it is easy to transfer or copy information from one program to another.
  • All Windows applications share a common set of commands.  For example, Open, Save, Print, etc & therefore, you don’t need to learn a different set of commands for each application.
  • Ability to handle long file names, e.g., Windows 95 and later versions accept file names of up to 255 characters including spaces.
  • Most Windows operating systems have Plug and play (PnP) features.  They automatically accept a new hardware once it is connected to the computer.

Advantages of Windows Operating Systems.

  1. It is easy to open programs, find documents, and switch between programs.
  1. Windows provide facilities such as the Windows Explorer, which enable one to browse through & manage you files, folders, and drives easily.
  1. Windows can support long file names, making it easier to find and organize files.
  1. Windows has improved Video, CD & sound capabilities, and can fully support MS-DOS-based games.
  • Windows makes it easier to install new hardware devices onto the system.  It is able to recognize and sets up a certain Plug-and-Play hardware whose card has been inserted in the computer automatically.
  • Windows allows true Multitasking, i.e. it allows the user to run more than one (several) program at the same time, each in its own window.
  • Windows is user-friendly, i.e., it is menu driven, hence easy to operate, because the options used in particular programs are usually displayed on the screen in form icons.
  • Windows supports a wide choice of networks & transmission protocols.  It also has facilities for sharing files & devices.
  1. Windows has facilities that allow people to work with all types of electronic communications, e.g., it allows people to send text messages, transfer files, and also hold digital live face-to-face conversations with family friends & business associates around the world.
  • Windows includes My Briefcase, a file synchronization tool & a utility for transferring files over a direct cable link or dial-up networking.
  • All Windows applications share a common set of commands.  E.g., Open, Save, Print, etc & therefore, there is no need to learn a different set of commands for each application.
  • Windows allows movement of text or items from one program to another. i.e., it is easy to

exchange information between Windows applications.

  • Windows has facilities that enable the computer to save power resources by putting the computer on standby or hibernation.
  • Windows includes a Help system that makes your computer easier to use.  It helps you find answers to your questions easily, or get up-to date technical support from the WWW.

Differences between Ms-Windows & Disk Operating System.

Ms-WindowsMS-DOS
There are iconsUses both the Mouse & Keyboard as Input devices.There is use of Menus.User-friendly.Windows fully supports networking.Requires a computer with high memory size.Windows can support DOS, i.e. it is possible to run DOS-based programs in Windows.   Uses Multi-coloured screen.It is a Multi-user OS.It is a multi-tasking OS, i.e. can support more than 1 program at a time.Comes in different versions.Uses folders for storage of files.No IconsOnly the Keyboard is used as Input device.   It is command-based.Not user-friendly.DOS cannot support networking.Uses less memory compared to Windows.DOS cannot support Windows, i.e. it is not possible to run Window-based programs in MS-DOS.Uses monochrome (1 coloured) screen.It is a single-user OS.It is a single-tasking OS, i.e. can only support one program at a time.MS-DOS is an operating system by itself.Uses Directories to organize files.

Review Questions

  1. Give FOUR advantages of which Windows based Operating system software has over Disk Operating System software.
  2. (a). List Four types of Windows versions.

(b). Why is Windows termed as a friendly Operating system?

List four key features of the Windows Operating environment.

WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEMS.

Windows operating system was developed as a Graphical User Interface (GUI) for PCs running on MS-DOS.

It provides a friendly interface that allows the users to enter commands by pointing and clicking at objects that appear on the screen using a pointing device, e.g., a Mouse or a trackball.  These graphical capabilities make a program easier to use.

Microsoft Windows takes its name from the on-screen “Window” that it uses to display information.

  • A Window is a rectangular portion/ area of the screen that Windows sets aside for a specific task.
  • A Window is a rectangular area on a display screen in which text and graphical images may be displayed.

Examples of Windows operating systems:

  • Microsoft Windows 95, 98, 2000 Professional, 2003, NT, Millennium (Me), XP, and Vista.
  • Linux,
  • UNIX,
  • MacOS.
  • OS/2.

Common features of Windows operating systems:-

  1. They all have similar user-interfaces.  For example;
    1. Windows.
    1. Pointing device – a device such as a mouse or trackball, that enables the user to select objects on the display screen.
    1. Pointer – a symbol (arrow) that appears on the display screen, and can be used to select objects & commands.
    1. Icons – small graphical pictures that represent commands, files, or applications.  By moving the pointer to the icon and pressing a mouse button, one can execute a command or convert the icon into a window.
  • Buttons – items used to initiate a process in an application.
    • Menus – they provide choices that let the user execute commands by selecting them.
    • Desktop – this is the area on the display screen where icons are grouped.
  • It is user-friendly.  Windows is menu driven, hence easy to operate, because the options used in particular applications are usually displayed on the screen in form of Icons.
  • All Windows operating system support multiple users & have the ability to Multi-task, i.e., they allow one to run more than one program at the same time, each in its own window.
  • It is easy to exchange information between Windows applications, i.e., it is easy to transfer or copy information from one program to another.
  • All Windows applications share a common set of commands.  For example, Open, Save, Print, etc & therefore, you don’t need to learn a different set of commands for each application.
  • Ability to handle long file names, e.g., Windows 95 and later versions accept file names of up to 255 characters including spaces.
  • Most Windows operating systems have Plug and play (PnP) features.  They automatically accept a new hardware once it is connected to the computer.

Advantages of Windows Operating Systems.

  1. It is easy to open programs, find documents, and switch between programs.
  1. Windows provide facilities such as the Windows Explorer, which enable one to browse through & manage you files, folders, and drives easily.
  1. Windows can support long file names, making it easier to find and organize files.
  1. Windows has improved Video, CD & sound capabilities, and can fully support MS-DOS-based games.
  • Windows makes it easier to install new hardware devices onto the system.  It is able to recognize and sets up a certain Plug-and-Play hardware whose card has been inserted in the computer automatically.
  • Windows allows true Multitasking, i.e. it allows the user to run more than one (several) program at the same time, each in its own window.
  • Windows is user-friendly, i.e., it is menu driven, hence easy to operate, because the options used in particular programs are usually displayed on the screen in form icons.
  • Windows supports a wide choice of networks & transmission protocols.  It also has facilities for sharing files & devices.
  1. Windows has facilities that allow people to work with all types of electronic communications, e.g., it allows people to send text messages, transfer files, and also hold digital live face-to-face conversations with family friends & business associates around the world.
  • Windows includes My Briefcase, a file synchronization tool & a utility for transferring files over a direct cable link or dial-up networking.
  • All Windows applications share a common set of commands.  E.g., Open, Save, Print, etc & therefore, there is no need to learn a different set of commands for each application.
  • Windows allows movement of text or items from one program to another. i.e., it is easy to

exchange information between Windows applications.

  • Windows has facilities that enable the computer to save power resources by putting the computer on standby or hibernation.
  • Windows includes a Help system that makes your computer easier to use.  It helps you find answers to your questions easily, or get up-to date technical support from the WWW.

Differences between Ms-Windows & Disk Operating System.

Ms-WindowsMS-DOS
There are iconsUses both the Mouse & Keyboard as Input devices.There is use of Menus.User-friendly.Windows fully supports networking.Requires a computer with high memory size.Windows can support DOS, i.e. it is possible to run DOS-based programs in Windows.   Uses Multi-coloured screen.It is a Multi-user OS.It is a multi-tasking OS, i.e. can support more than 1 program at a time.Comes in different versions.Uses folders for storage of files.No IconsOnly the Keyboard is used as Input device.   It is command-based.Not user-friendly.DOS cannot support networking.Uses less memory compared to Windows.DOS cannot support Windows, i.e. it is not possible to run Window-based programs in MS-DOS.Uses monochrome (1 coloured) screen.It is a single-user OS.It is a single-tasking OS, i.e. can only support one program at a time.MS-DOS is an operating system by itself.Uses Directories to organize files.

Review Questions

  1. Give FOUR advantages of which Windows based Operating system software has over Disk Operating System software.
  2. (a). List Four types of Windows versions.

(b). Why is Windows termed as a friendly Operating system?

  • List four key features of the Windows Operating environment.

Affiliate Links:

Get your own Dedicated server from $48.88 VPS&Dedicated https://huryy.com/domainNamecheap Hosting

Get a .COM for just $6.98 Secure a mighty domain for a mini price. https://bit.ly/3rk6Y6h

A simple and scalable cloud platform for all developer needs click here: https://m.do.co/c/a9c1479d83b8

128 posts

About author
Web developer, Web-based Software systems designer, and developer, Networking, Social Marketer, PHP programmer, Photographer, blogger. Student final year project helper.
Articles
Related posts
Computer Science

COMPUTER APPLICATION SOFTWARE.

11 Mins read
APPLICATION SOFTWARE. Application Software programs are written to solve specific problems (or to handle the needs) of the end-user in particular areas. They interface between the user & system programs to allow the user to…
Computer LessonsComputer ScienceSportsTech

CLASSIFICATION OF OPERATING SYSTEMS

6 Mins read
CLASSIFICATION OF OPERATING SYSTEMS. The OS determines determine the type of processing that a computer system is able to perform, since it controls the allocation & use of the computer resources. Operating systems can be…
Computer Science

COMPUTER SYSTEMS.

28 Mins read
COMPUTER SYSTEMS. The term System can be defined as a collection of independent entities that collectively work together to achieve a desired goal. All things can be viewed as being made up of small independent…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *