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In June 2006 nearly 70 countries had freedom of information legislations applying to information held by government bodies and in certain circumstances to private bodies. In 19 of these countries the freedom of information legislation also applied to private bodies Access to information was increasingly recognized as a prerequisite for transparency and accountability of governments, as a facilitating consumers’ ability to make informed choices, and as safeguarding citizens against mismanagement and corruption. This has led an increasing number of countries to enact freedom of information legislation in the past 10 years
License Agreements in Computer Science. When customers buy software, they buy a copy and the right to use it in certain ways In certain ways means: there are different types of restrictions in place Single user license: allows the use of one copy on one machine for one user Example: computer game
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Functions of Computer Science Professional Bodies Establish a code of conduct to which members of the profession must abide. Establish mechanisms for the dissemination of knowledge & good practice to members Set standards of education (for example degree accreditation)
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A professional body is a group of people in a learned occupation who are entrusted with maintaining control or oversight of the legitimate practice of the occupation. Professionals and professional bodies have a crucial role to play as part of the regulatory landscape. Professional body membership gives the public, the sector and government assurance that services are being delivered by qualified and expert professionals who are self-regulating based on a code of professional practice (or conduct) that they have developed.
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Help develop an organizational environment favorable to acting ethically. Promote public knowledge of software engineering. Extend software engineering knowledge by appropriate participation in professional organizations, meetings and publications. Support, as members of a profession, other software engineers striving to follow this Code.
Extreme programming methodology was created as a reaction to the old waterfall methodology. The reason is that software development is a very fluid process because requirements may not be fully implemented from the beginning but will always change as project progress there4 soft dev needs a methodology that can adapt changing requirement at any point during the project lifecycle.