ADVANTAGES and DISADVANTAGES OF THE INTERNET
For more personal and interactive communication, it is possible to avail the facilities of video conferencing, chat and messenger services. With the help of these services, the geographically fragmented countries have come together to form a community that is able to share its thoughts on global issues, that affect each and every one of us. The Internet has given us a common platform and medium through which we are able to explore other cultures and ideologies.
In June 2006 nearly 70 countries had freedom of information legislations applying to information held by government bodies and in certain circumstances to private bodies. In 19 of these countries the freedom of information legislation also applied to private bodies Access to information was increasingly recognized as a prerequisite for transparency and accountability of governments, as a facilitating consumers’ ability to make informed choices, and as safeguarding citizens against mismanagement and corruption. This has led an increasing number of countries to enact freedom of information legislation in the past 10 years
Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.
IP is protected in law by, for example, patent, copyright, and trademarks, which enable people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create. By striking the right balance between the interests of innovators and the wider public interest, the IP system aims to foster an environment in which creativity and innovation can flourish.
License Agreements in Computer Science.
When customers buy software, they buy a copy and the right to use it in certain ways
In certain ways means: there are different types of restrictions in place
Single user license: allows the use of one copy on one machine for one user Example: computer game
Functions of Computer Science Professional Bodies
Establish a code of conduct to which members of the profession must abide.
Establish mechanisms for the dissemination of knowledge & good practice to members
Set standards of education (for example degree accreditation)
A professional body is a group of people in a learned occupation who are entrusted with maintaining control or oversight of the legitimate practice of the occupation.
Professionals and professional bodies have a crucial role to play as part of the regulatory landscape. Professional body membership gives the public, the sector and government assurance that services are being delivered by qualified and expert professionals who are self-regulating based on a code of professional practice (or conduct) that they have developed.
Help develop an organizational environment favorable to acting ethically.
Promote public knowledge of software engineering.
Extend software engineering knowledge by appropriate participation in professional organizations, meetings and publications.
Support, as members of a profession, other software engineers striving to follow this Code.
Characteristics of a IT/Computer Science profession
Professionals deal in matters of vital importance to their clients and are therefore entrusted with grave responsibilities and obligations. Given these inherent obligations, professional work typically involves circumstances where carelessness, inadequate skill, or breach of ethics would be significantly damaging to the client and/or his fortunes.
Outsourcing is a contractual arrangement under which a client hands over a certain business function to a supplier
This usually includes planning, management, and operation of this function
Very common in some situations: few people generate their own electricity or drill their own wells
Logic is that a company specializing in a particular area, e.g. catering or office cleaning, is probably better at it
Contract hire is an arrangement in which the supplier agrees to supply the customer with the services of a certain number of staffs at agreed daily or hourly charge rates. The customer takes responsibility for managing the staff concerned. Either party can terminate the arrangement at fairly short notice, typically one week,
An introvert is a person with qualities of a personality type known as introversion, which means that they feel more comfortable focusing on their inner thoughts and ideas, rather than what’s happening externally. … When you hear the word introvert, you might think of someone who’s shy or quiet and prefers to be alone.